Communication between individuals through the use of words
is a complicated process. In addition to being an exercise
in the application and use of aeronautical knowledge, a
knowledge test is also an exercise in communication since
it involves the use of written language. Since the tests
involve written rather than spoken words, communication
between the test writer and the person being tested may
become a difficult matter if both parties do not exercise
care. For this reason, considerable effort is expended to
write each question in a clear, precise manner.
Preparing to Study for the Knowledge Test
Your instructor will direct you to the textbooks and other
sources of training and testing materials that are available
from the FAA's Airman Testing website.
Your instructor may use commercial publications as a source
of study materials, and these materials may be desirable,
especially for aircraft categories where government materials
The FAA develops and makes available to the public various
sources of aeronautical information. Some of this information
is free; other information is available at a nominal cost.
Of particular interest and value to those persons getting
started in flying are:
FAA-H-8083-27A, Student Pilot Guide;
FAA-H-8083-3, Airplane Flying Handbook;
FAA-H-8083-25, Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge;
Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM);
and Practical Test Standards (PTSs).
In addition, many aviation publications are available from
Suggested Study Materials
*NOTE: The Airplane related Books
that are available for Free Download on our website link
to the PDF files:
.14 CFR parts 1, 61, 67, and 91
.Aeronautical Information Manual
.AC 00-6, Aviation Weather
.AC 00-45, Aviation Weather Services
Pilots Weight and Balance
Airplane Flying Handbook
.FAA-H-8083-11, Balloon Flying Handbook
.FAA-H-8083-13, Glider Flying Handbook
.FAA-H-8083-21, Rotorcraft Flying Handbook
Pilots Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge
.FAA-S-8081-3, Recreational Pilot Practical Test Standards
.FAA-S-8081-14, Private Pilot Practical Test Standards (Airplane)
*NOTE: Superseeded by the ACS (June
.FAA-S-8081-29, Sport Pilot Practical Test Standards (Airplane,
Gyroplane, Glider and Flight Instructor)
.FAA-S-8081-30, Sport Pilot Practical Test Standards (Airship,
Balloon, and Flight Instructor)
.FAA-S-8081-31, Sport Pilot Practical Test Standards (Weight
Shift Control, Powered Parachute, and Flight Instructor)
.FAA-S-8081-32, Private Pilot Practical Test Standards (Powered
Parachute and Weight Shift Control)
How to Obtain Study Materials
The current Flight Standards Service airman training and
testing material and questions banks for all airman certificates
and ratings can be obtained from the FAA's Airman Testing
A listing of all current Advisory Circulars is available
on the FAA's website.
The Airport/Facility Directory and Aeronautical Charts are
available on the FAA's website.
Airport/Facility Directory has been renamed the Digital
- Chart Supplement (d-CS), and can be found:
The National Transportation Safety Board Regulation part
830 is available on the U.S. Government Printing Office's
website at http://www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/text-idx?tpl=/ecfrbrowse/Title49/49cfr830_main_02.tpl.
Most airport fixed base operators and flight schools carry
a variety of Government publications and charts, as well
as commercially published materials.
How to Study for the Knowledge Test
You should follow your instructor's advice on what and when
to study. You should recognize the advantages of planning
a definite study program and following it as closely as
possible. Haphazard or disorganized study habits usually
result in an unsatisfactory score on the knowledge test.
The ideal study program is to enroll in a formal ground
school course. This offers the advantages of a school with
professional instructors, as well as facilities and training
aids designed for pilot instruction. Many of these schools
use audiovisual aids to supplement classroom instruction
or provide individual computer-based instruction.
For the applicant who is unable to attend a school, the
self-study method can be satisfactory, provided the proper
study materials are obtained, and a reasonable amount of
time is devoted to study. The applicant should establish
realistic periodic goals, and equally important, a target
date for completion. Self-discipline is important because
it is too easy to "put off" the study period for
some other activity.
The use of a training syllabus is an effective way for the
flight instructor to lead you through the proper steps in
learning to fly safely.
When beginning flight training, the development of good
study habits includes the practice of visualizing the flight
instructor's explanation plus those of the textbook.
Study habits should include time spent with cockpit familiarization.
This includes reviewing checklists, identifying controls,
and learning the cockpit arrangement.